Isdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.Abstract: Within this paper we examined the interaction amongst greenhouse gas emissions, nuclear power, coal power, urban agglomeration, and economic growth in Pakistan by using time series information through 1972019. The stationarity of the 6-Chloromelatonin Melatonin Receptor variables was tested through unit root tests, even though the ARDL (autoregressive distributed lag) process with long and short-run estimations was applied to reveal the linkages amongst variables. A unidirectional association involving all variables was revealed by performing a Granger causality test beneath the vector error correction model (VECM) that was extracted through the short-run estimate. Moreover, the stepwise least squares method was also utilized to check the robustness in the variables. The findings of long-run estimations showed that GHG emissions, coal power, and urban agglomeration have an adversative association with economic growth in Pakistan, whilst nuclear power showed a dynamic association with the economic growth. The outcomes of short-run estimations also show that nuclear energy features a constructive association with economic development, while the remaining variables exposed an adversative linkage to financial development in Pakistan. Similarly, the Granger causality test under the vector error correction model (VECM) outcomes exposes that all variables have unidirectional association. Moreover, the outcomes with the stepwise least squares method reveals that GHG emissions and coal energy have an adverse association with financial development, and variables nuclear energy and urban agglomeration possess a productive linkage to the economic development in Pakistan. GHG emissions are no doubt an emerging challenge globally; hence, conservative policies and monetary support are required to tackle this issue. Despite the truth that Pakistan contributes less to greenhouse gas emissions than industrialized countries, the KU-0060648 Purity & Documentation government need to implement new policies to address this challenge so as to contribute to environmental sustainability while also enhancing financial improvement. Keyword phrases: GHG emissions; power consumption; nuclear power; economic development; carbon emission; environmentCopyright: 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is definitely an open access short article distributed below the terms and conditions of your Inventive Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (licenses/by/ four.0/).1. Introduction The consumption of power has risen dramatically during the previous century because of quite a few breakthroughs and every day improvements. Because of this, pretty much each aspectEnergies 2021, 14, 7703. 10.3390/enmdpi/journal/energiesEnergies 2021, 14,two ofof human life is becoming increasingly reliant on energy. Unquestionably, low-cost and dependable power is crucial for all nations, but that is specially true for the creating countries. Demand for power has risen in a lot of nations because of increasing industrialization, agricultural modernization, globalization, and greater transportation. Inside the absence of investment in domestic sources which include water energy, organic gas, and lignite, Pakistan remains reliant on energy imports. The greatest supply of energy is biomass. The government has decided to halt the construction of new coal-fired energy plants because of environmental issues. Public oil and gas businesses are thinking about privatization for a quantity of motives [1]. Pakistan is 43.five reliant on imported oil for its entire power mix. The.